One of the tasks we where given was to photograph five objects onto a pure Adobe RGB White background. In theory this would be the easisiest of the ten projects to shoot, as it can be done in your own home, technically however this one could prove slightly more difficult due to the need to use photoshop to edit the five images onto the white canvases.
It’s not one that I was looking forward too, simply because I’m not the best when it comes to photoshop. After we went through shooting an example image in class however, the process seemed somewhat less daunting.
A full step by step guide showing how I placed thhe example image onto a pure white background will be placed up in the lecture guide, but put simply we use the lasso tool and clone stamp tool to cut out our image before dragging it onto a plain white canvas.
I’m only going to go through the settings once, simply because the settings remained the same throughout the shoot. I decided to shoot my old Olympus OM-2 film camera all the objects where placed on a peice of white A4 Paper the help in the cutting out stage on photoshop. I set my camera up on a tripod and set the apature to F16, the ISO to 100 and my shutter speed to 1/200th of a second. A speed light was used to light up the subject although this was an old minolta speed light from the 1980’s with limited functions so a few test shots had the be fired before hitting the exposure dead on at 1/200th. An apature of F16 was used as sugested in lecture to ensure the whole subject is in focus and sharp, and an ISO of 100 to keep grain to a minimum and get the most out of my cameras dynamic range. As said previous a shutter speed of 1/200th had to be used due to the flash not having any pwer settings, although technically out of sync with the camera (Flash sync 1/60th) I found at 1/200 the camera was still capturing the flash. By the time I’d boosted the shutter speed to 1/320th I found the shutter was closing too fast for the flash giving only a half exposed image.
The images all recieved the same processing in photoshop too, as mentioned above the images where cut out from thier environments using the lasso and clone tool then dropped onto a blank white canvas using the grab tool. For this particular image I then proceeded to edit the contrast by boosting it +2 and then saving the file as a TIFF for further use.
Firstly we looked into the importance of becoming familiar with stock libraies, as a way to potentially gain more income and to gain an understanding of how stock libraries operate.
There are many different stock libraies out there, but the big three to be aware of are Alamy, Getty and Istock photo. These companies act as an agency which complile a large library of images covering almost every aspect of life and photography imaginable. The larger the agencies library the better, as bussinesses will come to the large libraires to browse for royalty free images to purchase and use, the company could wish to use your image for anything, from a presentation to an advertising campaign. You as the photographer still have full control and ownership over your image though, the buyer is simply purchasing a licence to use your image.
When you upload an image to one of these image libaries you will usually be given the choice to choose whether or not you’d like your image to be listed as royalty free or rights managed. Images that are listed as rights managed usually cost the person wishing to buy a licence more money and there will usually be a set of restrictions for certain usages put into place by the photographer. This means that a rights managed image will usually only be picked out by a buyer if it is ana absolutley must have image. Royalty free images can be purchased by anyone and can be used without restriction. Royalty free images are therefore, where possible usually bought over rights managed images.
The copyright of an image belongs to the person who fired the shutter causing the action of a photograph to be created, it doesn’t matter if you own the equiptment that the photograph was taken on, you must have fired the shutter taking the image to claim ownership of it. That said, contracts and employment to certain companies can change this. For example, if you work for a governement department such as the Ministry of Defence, any images you take for the MoD will become Crown Copyright, another example could be if you sign a contract saying that you will hand copyright over to the client at the end of a shoot. These types of contract are best avoided, unless you’re looking for a quick payout, as owner ship over an image will usually allow you to make more from it in the long run. It is still important that you ensure your images are linked back to you in as many forms as possible however as a system of identifcation called the orphan works is now in place. You can make your files more uniuqe to yourself by giving them unuiqe filing codes, meta data and by adding your name into the copyright section. It’s important to do this as if your image cannot be tracked back to you after the seven stages of identification, the body wanting to use your image, may do, without your consent.
This weeks task was to take a series of 10 images from the online stock libary Alamy, and to then resize the images to 10 x 15cm, remove the watermark and to then add a 3cm white box on the bottom of the image to which insert 10 key words as metadata. We’ll no go through a step by step process on how to do this below, and then display the other nine completed images.
1. Firstly, we open up photoshop and select the image we wish to work on, then we open the file and prepare to begin work. Before begining work however, we ensure that the correct boxes are showing in our workspace, Information, History and Levels.
2. Next, we proceed to crop our image to a ratio of 2-3
3. once the image has been cropped to the 2-3 ratio we must resize our image to the dimensions of 15cm x 10cm, whilst we have this screen up, it’s also important to change the resolution. In this scenario, we change our resolution to 300 DPI, a resolution that most cameras produce images at.
4. Once this has been done, we should go to the view menu and select fit to screen, remember, the image has just been made physically bigger.
5. Following our breif, we’re told to make the image different to what it was by applying a physical change to it, in some of the other images the changes may look significant, however for this tutorial I’m simply going to over sharpen the image so not to cause confusion or distraction.
6. Now that our image has been altered it’s time to save our work as a JPEG file and begin to tackle the issue of removing the watermark. To do this we’re going to select and use the clone tool.
7. now that we have selected the clone tool, we should zoom in a bit so that we can get a clearer view of what it is we’re working on. We can do this by accessing the view menu and selecting zoom, using the keyboard short cut (ctrl, +) or using the zoom bar loceted just below the navigator. Once we’re zoomed in, we can use the clone tool by placing our mouse over the colour you wish to select as a replacement, then hovering your mouse over the section of the watermark you wish to replace and pressing down. You can alter the size of your clone stamp by selecting your brush size located just above the tool bar. Continue until the water mark is gone.
8. Now that the cloning is complete, and the watermark gone, we need to think about adding our extra 3cm long white box onto the bottom of the image in which to add our metadata. we can do this by selecting ‘Image’ and scrolling down to Canvas size.
9. Once we select canvas size, we’re confronted with the following menu. In the height box, I’ve changed the height from 10cm to 13cm, I’ve then proceeded to select the upward facing arrow, by doing this I’m telling Photoshop to add 3cm of blank white canvas to the bottom of my image.
10. Now we’ve added our white meta data box, we can select the type tool and begin to write down our 10 pieces of metadata simply by pressing where we’d like the writing to begin and start typing.
11. Next we save our work as a photoshop file .PSD, before continuing work.
12. Our next job is to flatten the image, this puts all of the objects located in multiple layers into one layer, essential making an image rather than a compilation of items placed on top of one another. The flatten image button can be found under the ‘Layers’ tab.
13. Our image is now complete, we can now save the complete piece as a .TIFF file to ensure we get the most from our work. Whilst at this stage, we should also go into file – ‘info’ and add extra meta data in here. Whilst saving our work it’s important to check that we have used a custom File name, mine in this instance being MR (Initials) PSD (Photoshop) .0001 (File No.1).
Now we’ve seen the step by step process showing how we get from start to finish, let’s take a look at the ten examples, showing there original and complete conditions.
Interior photography is something that I do quite a lot of, mainly because of my interest in both exploring unihabited buildings and architecture. Industrial architecture is something that I love but for this project I’ve decided to look a into a few more domestic types of buildings, buildings such as Schools, Houses and Religious establishments. What I hope to have done is created five images that show an understanding of interior photography, but are also something a little different and perhaps more interesting than the norm.
1. The Ark Synagogue, Liverpool
The Ark is a closed Synagogue in Liverpool, despite the Ark being closed since 2008 it remains in brilliant condition and is an impressive building on both the outside and inside. The Ark boasts some lovely art deco features due to its construction in 1927 and is today listed as a grade 2 structure.
This photograph was shot at ISO 100, F8 for 15s at 16mm. An apature of F8 was selected for two reasons, the first been that the lens I took the image with (Sony 16-50 F2.8 – F3.5) works best at F5.6 – F8, the second been that F8 will ensure that everything in the image is sharp providing the focusing is on point. The image was shot at ISO 100 to ensure that the image was presented at the best posible qaulity, keeping grain to a minimum and getting the best out of the availible dynamic range. A shutter speed of 15s was dialed in to provided me with a correct exposure for my chosen apature and ISO settings. Only natural light was used in the making of this photograph. Compositionally the shot was centered to create an image with close symetry, however not all the central objects line up perfectly meaning the symetry is not quite 100%.
Very little processing was required for this image, however the highlights where dropped slightly to reduce the glare from the windows and the saturation boosted by +2 to bring out the blues in the image, this was done in RAW. The image was then saved as a TIFF to ensure maximum detail is retained.
Holly Lodge is another recently closed facility in Liverpool, the school, like the Ark is also Grade 2 listed. The Lodge was constructed in 1828 and hosts a selection of beautifully tiled corridors adorned with period wood and plasterwork. The college closed last year and currently lays abandoned.
The below photograph was shot at ISO 100, F8 for 13s at 16mm, again for the same reasons as the above image, to create a sharp photograph that makes the best out of low grain and dynamic range. Compositionally I found this to be the best photograph availible in Holly Lodge as it shows all three mentioned highlights of the lodge in one image, the woodwork, tiled floors and elegant plasterwork. This image for me personally is the interior photograph that would sell the lodge to the viewer.
The processing of this image consisted of a slight sharpening to really enhance the plaster work, a small cropat either side of the image to enhance the composition and a saturation boost of +2 to bring out the colour mainly in the tiles and the lamp shades. Again all of this work was carried out in the RAW stage before the image was converted to a TIFF file.
Holly, Lodge, All, Girls, School, College, Staircase, Tiles, Tiled, Floor, Plaster, Work, Victorian, Architecture, Grade, II, Listed
3. Lawrence Street Methodist Chapel, Liverpool
Lawrence Road Methodist Church was erected in 1903 and is constructed in an elegant ‘Italianate’ style. Today the church is in danger of being demolished to be replaced by a block of four storey flats. The Victorian society are hoping to be able to get the church grade 2 listed and begin an attempt at restoration. Today the Chapels future remains somewhat clouded, personally I hope the Victorian Society suceed in catching the attention of English Heritage. As with many other beautiful and historic locations such as this one I feel they deserve to be recorded for future generations.
The image was shot at ISO 400, F4, for 30s at 16mm. ISO 400 isn’t an ideal ISO to shoot this image at I am however limited to 30 second exposures on my Sony A77MKII at the moment as I don’t currently own a cable release. 400 ISO on a camera as advanced as the A77MkII isn’t too big a deal however, Grain is virtually none exisant and although the dynamic range will have been damaged slightly this can be rectified in processing by boosting the exisiting colours. An Apature of F4 was used also as a comprimise, I used my depth of field priview button to see how low I could drop my apature (to allow in more light) but still having everything I wanted in focus at 16mm. F4 is as low as I could drop my apature without damaging my image by creating a shallow depth of field. The image was lit using natural light spilling in from the windows as well as light painting from a blue filtered spotlight. This was done because I like the natural oranage and green lighting mixing in with the artificial white and blue light, it creates a colourful image that atteacts the eyes to certain parts of the image.
Processing consisted of a crop and a slight straigten, dropping of the highlights and +2 saturation, all done in RAW. The image was then exported as a TIFF.
As said in the introduction piece I am a naturally curious person, I like to explore and get to know my surroundings, and knowing where the local areas of interest is all a part of that. During an hour break I decided to have a walk around campus, knowing that the building was used previously as a war hospital during WWI and that the majority of the buildings on site are Georgian I guessed that there must be some areas of interest worth photographing. That’s when I came across ‘the grange’ and it’s fantatic spiral stair case.
I manged to get permission to photograph the stair case, but without the aid of a tripod, still the image has come out well considering it was taken at 1/100th, F2.8 ISO 800.
In processing the image was straightend and sharpened by +1 on the slider, the contrast was then boosted by +2 and the white balence shifted a few degrees Kelvin warmer. The image was then processed from a RAW file to a Tiff.
The, Grange, Leeds, Beckett, Becketts, Park, Hospital, University, Spiral, Stair, Case, Plaster, Work, Georgian, Building, Grade, II, Listed
5. Ferrybridge ‘C’ Power Station, Turbine Hall
To finish off with I thought I’d add this image I took inside the turbine hall at Ferrybridge Power Station, I wanted to add this image simply to show that I am capable of photographing large scale industrial interiors as well as inclosed and open plan civil and ameinity style buildings.
The image below was taken at an 8th of a second at F4, ISO 400. I was quite rushed to take my photo’s in here, but I still had plenty of time to think and put into practise what I needed to in order to create a good photograph. I knew I needed an apture of at least F4 to create the depth of feild I would require to be able to get all of the turbines and the gantry crane into focus. An ISO of 400 was used as it’s still a nice clean ISO rating with a good dynamic range and next to no grain but would still give me the option of having a relitively short exposure time. My fill in shutter speed for correct exposure at ISO 400, F4 in the turbine hall was an 8th whilst set up on a tripod. This allowed for a quick but clean and well thought out photograph to be taken without hindering staff or workers.
The processing of this image consisted of a left hand side crop, and an increase of contrast by the usual + 2 on the slider. The image was then converted from a RAW file to a Tiff.